• Exercise or diet? How to shed extra weight

  • 锻炼还是节食?如何消除身体的赘肉

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  • In a series of studies across five countries on three continents, research to be published in the journal Psychological Science, shows whether a person believes obesity is caused by overeating or by a lack of exercise can predict whether he or she will gain or lose weight.
  • 根据在三个大洲的五个国家的一系列考察研究显示,一个人对肥胖起因的信念是吃得过多还是缺乏锻炼, 将能预测他或她会增重或减重。这个结果即将在“心理科学杂志”上发表。
  • With two-thirds of the adult US population classified as overweight or obese and similar numbers in many developed nations, obesity has become an important health concern, researchers say.
  • 研究者们发现,美国有三分之二的人口属于超重或肥胖。在许多发达国家也有类似的现象。肥胖已经成为一项非常重要的健康忧患。
  • “The greater the extent to which you believe it is diet, the thinner you are on average,” says Brent McFerran, a marketing professor at the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan.
  • 密歇根大学商学院的市场学教授Brent McFerran认为,“一个人对节食的信仰程度越高,体重就会越接近标准”。
  • People who believe obesity is caused by diet eat less food. Those who believe it is caused by a lack of exercise should work out more. The problem with that is that people tend to overestimate the amount of calories burned during exercise and underestimate calories in the food they eat.
  • 相信饮食习惯导致肥胖的人会减少饮食的摄入。相信缺乏锻炼造成肥胖的人就会找更多的机会锻炼。但问题是,人们总是过高的估计了运动中消耗的卡路里,并过低的估计了他们所摄入食物中的卡路里。
  • For example, a 20-ounce venti Java Chip Frappucino from Starbucks contains 580 calories—and would take the average person four hours to walk off.
  • 比如说,星巴克20盎司的卡布其诺就有580卡--这需要四个小时的不行才能消耗掉。
  • This is not to say that exercise doesn’t help reduce weight as long as calorie intake doesn’t also increase, says co-author Anirban Mukhopadhyay, a marketing professor at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology.
  • 这项研究的另一个作者--香港科技大学的市场学教授Anirban Mukhopadhyay认为,当人们摄入的卡路里不增加的情况下,锻炼还是有助于减重的。
  • “Our finding is simply that people who believe strongly in lack of exercise as the primary cause, rather than poor diet, tend to have higher body masses.”
  • “我们的研究得出一个很简单的结论:如果一个人非常强烈地相信缺乏锻炼是导致肥胖的主要原因,而不是不合理的饮食,他往往会拥有更健康的体魄。”