• 25 Famous Thinkers and Their Inspiring Daily Rituals

  • 25명의 유명한 사상가들과 그들의 영감을 일으키는 일과

  • Many find it interesting to glimpse inside the lives of famous thinkers in an effort to understand where such thought and intelligence is rooted. In that vein, here is a peek into the routines and rituals that writers, philosophers, and statesmen have depended on to keep their work on track and their thoughts flowing. Whether you need inspiration to make it through the next college semester or are working on a future best-selling novel, explore these daily rituals you may want to incorporate into your life.
  • 유명한 사상가들의 생각과 지성이 어디서 시작되었는지 이해해 보기 위해 그들의 삶을 살짝 들여다 보고 싶어하는 사람들이 많이 있을 것이다. 이런 맥락으로, 훌륭한 작가, 철학자, 그리고 정치인들이 그들의 업무를 잘 수행하고 막힘 없는 사고를 위해 그들이 의지했던 일과와 리츄얼(rituals)들을 한번 엿보도록 하자. 여러분이 다음학기를 잘 마치기 위한 영감이 필요하든, 아니면 미래의 베스트 셀러 소설을 쓰고 있든 간에 이런 매일의 리츄얼들을 탐구해보고 여러분의 삶에 적용해 보는 것도 좋을 것이다.
  • - CS Lewis. Writer and thinker CS Lewis had a very clear schedule of his day, with activities such as work, walking, meals, tea, and socializing down to the very hour they should be done. He even describes when beer should be enjoyed (not at 11:00 for fear of running over the allotted 10 minutes for the break).
  • -C.S  루이스. 작가이자 사상가인 C.S 루이스는 일, 산책, 식사, 차 마시기와 교제 등의 일들에 대한 정확히 끝마쳐야 하는 시간까지 아주 확실한 하루의 스케줄을 가지고 있었다. 심지어 언제 맥주를 마셔야 하는지 까지도. (주어진 10분의 휴식 시간을 넘을까봐 11:00에는 마시지 않았다.)
  • - John Cheever. American writer John Cheever wore his only suit of clothing each morning as he rode the elevator down to a basement room where he worked. Upon arriving there, he would undress to his underwear, hang up his suit, and get to work. He would dress to go back upstairs for lunch and again at the end of his day when he would ride the elevator back home.
  • - Fred Rogers. Don’t doubt that Fred Rogers was indeed a great thinker, despite the fact that he is best known as the familiar Mr. Rogers from the long-lasting PBS children’s show. His television show was a safe place for many young children, by his design, and he fought hard, in his quiet manner, for the show to stay on the air. The famous routine that started and ended his show was not the only routine in his life. Each day he would wake at 5:30 and begin his day with reading, writing, study, and prayer. He would take a swim most days of his life, take a late-afternoon nap, and go to bed at 9:30 each night. Perhaps the most idiosyncratic of his rituals was that he kept his weight at 143 pounds his entire adult life. He saw his weight one day and realized it aligned with the number of letters in "I love you" and vowed to maintain that weight, which he did.
  • - Stephen King. This famed writer keeps to a strict routine each day, starting the morning with a cup of tea or water and his vitamin. King sits down to work between 8:00 and 8:30 in the same seat with his papers arranged on his desk in the same way. He claims that starting off with such consistency provides a signal to his mind in preparation for his work.
  • - 스티븐 킹. 이 유명한 작가는 매우 엄격한 하루 일과를 지켰다. 커피나 차 혹은 물 한 잔, 그리고 비타민으로 하루를 시작한다. 그리고 8시부터 8시 반까지 같은 의자에 앉아 항상 똑같이 정돈된 종이가 놓인 책상에서 일한다. 그는 그런 일관된 하루의 시작이 일 할 준비를 하도록 마음속에 신호를 준다고 한다.
  • - Gertrude Stein. This famous writer discovered inspiration in her car. Apparently she would sit in her parked car and write poetry on scraps of paper.
  • -거트루드 스타인. 이 유명작가는 그녀의 차안에서 영감을 발견했다. 분명히 주차한 차안에 앉아서 종이 조각에 시를 적었겠지.
  • - Immanuel Kant. Kant would begin his day with one or two cups of weak tea and a pipe of tobacco. While smoking, he would meditate. He would then prepare for his lectures, conduct lectures from 7:00 to 11:00, write, then have lunch. Lunch would be followed by a walk and time with his friend. The evening would consist of a bit more light work and reading.
  • -임마누엘 칸트. 칸트의 하루는 한 두 잔의 연한 차와 파이프 담배로 시작한다. 칸트는 담배를 태우며 명상을 한다. 그러고 나서 강의를 준비하고, 7시부터 11시까지 강의를 한 뒤, 저술을 하고, 점심을 먹는다. 점심식사후 산책을 하고 친구들과 시간을 가진다. 저녁시간은 약간의 가벼운 일과 독서로 채워진다.
  • - Barack Obama. Taking care of physical fitness and family are two important elements of President Obama’s daily ritual. He starts his day with a workout at 6:45, reads several newspapers, has breakfast with his family, and then starts his work day just before 9:00 in the morning. He may work as late as 10:00 some evenings, but always stops to have dinner with his family each day.
  • -바락 오바마. 가족과 건강관리는 오바마 대통령의 매일의 의식(ritual)에 중요한 부분이다. 6:45에 운동으로 하루를 시작해, 몇 가지 신문을 읽고, 가족과 아침 식사를 한뒤, 9시 바로전에 업무를 시작한다. 저녁 10시까지 일하는 날도 있지만, 매일 일을 멈추고 가족과 함께 저녁 식사를 한다.
  • - Alexander Dumas. Whether or not he had heard the adage about keeping the doctor away, the writer ofThe Count of Monte Cristo and The Three Musketeers, Dumas started each day eating an apple under the Arc de Triomphe.
  • - Benjamin Franklin. Franklin kept to a tight schedule, starting his day waking at 4:00 am. Until 8:00, he would wake, wash, eat breakfast, and think about what he would accomplish for the day. From 8:00 to 12:00, he worked. Lunch was from 12:00-1:00, where he ate, read, or looked over his accounts. He then worked until 5:00. The evening was filled with dinner, cleaning up, music or conversation, a look back over his day, and then bed at 10:00.
  • - Haruki Murakami. This popular Japanese novelist sticks to a specific daily schedule that begins at 4:00 when he awakes. He writes for five or six hours, then either runs 10k or swims 1500 meters (or sometimes, both). After his workout, he reads and listens to music until he goes to bed at 9:00. Murakami claims that writing a novel requires both the physical and mental strength that his routine provides.
  • - 무라카미 하루키. 이 널리 알려진 일본의 소설가는 오전 4시에 일어나 시작하는 일과를 고수하고 있다. 다섯 시간에서 여섯 시간 정도 글을 쓰고, 10Km를 달리거나 1500 미터 수영을 한다(때로는 둘 다). 운동을 마친 후 오후 9시에 잠자리에 들기 전까지 독서를 하거나 음악을 듣는다. 무라카미는 소설을 쓰기 위해서는 규칙적인 생활에서 오는 육체적, 정신적 강인함이 필요하다고 말한다.
  • - Franz Kafka. Kafka started his day at his job at the Workers’ Accident Insurance Institute from 8:30 to 2:30. Afterward he would lunch until 3:30, then sleep until 7:30. Upon waking, he would do exercises and have dinner with his family. He began writing at 11:00 in the evening, usually working until 1:00 or 2:00 in the morning–sometimes later.
  • - Toni Morrison. Writer Toni Morrison describes not only her daily routine, but the importance of rituals to writers. Morrison describes her own ritual involving making a cup of coffee and watching the light come into the day. Her habit of rising early was first formed as the mother to three children, but after her children left home, she discovered a routine of her own–that still includes early mornings. Morrison urges all writers to look at what time of day they are most productive and what type of surrounding is most conducive to their work to help form rituals that will promote creativity.
  • - Ingmar Bergman. This famous director, writer, and producer of film and drama demanded quiet and set schedules. While working on a play in 1996, he was reported to stand outside the rehearsal hall half an hour before rehearsal to ensure the actors were not socializing. He had a set time for beginning work, taking lunch, and ending work. He disliked noise, meeting new people, and crowds of people. While he aspired to a quite life of writing without deadlines on the island of Faro, he could not actually stay with his retirement, and returned to the scheduled life of work. He was still working just a few years prior to his death in 2007.
  • - Charles Darwin. In his middle and later years, Darwin stuck to a very rigid schedule that started at 7:00 in the morning with a short walk, then breakfast. He would then work throughout the morning. Lunch, at 12:45, was his biggest meal of the day. His afternoon was also scheduled and consisted of two walks, reading, and backgammon. Darwin could not tolerate much socializing, and kept it to a maximum of 30 minutes at a time.
  • -챨스 다윈. 중년 이후의 삶에서 그는 굉장히 엄격한 스케쥴에 매달렸다. 아침 7시부터 짧은 걷기로 시작해 아침을 먹는다. 그리고나선 아침내내 일을하고 12:45분엔 하루 중 제일 큰 식사인 점심을 먹는다. 그의 오후 또한 스케쥴되 있었는데, 걷기 두번, 독서와 백게먼 게임으로 이루어져있었다. 다윈은 그다지 사교활동을 견디지 못해서 한번에 최대 30분 정도로 한했다.
  • - Kingsley Amis. This British comic novelist and poet was also famous for his love of alcohol. He kept to a strict routine of writing in the morning until about 1:00, when he would take care of his dressing and shaving, then begin the afternoon with a drink and a smoke. He would work until lunch at 2:00 or 2:15, sometimes going back after lunch to work and sometimes not. He considered any work accomplished in the afternoon a bonus. When the bar opened at 6:00, he would fortify himself with more alcohol and work again until 8:30.
  • -킹슬리 에이미스. 이 영국 코믹 소설가/시인은 술을 사랑하기로도 유명하다. 그는 약 한시까진 아침 작업을 엄격한 일상으로 지켰는데 그리고나선 옷입고 면도한 후, 점심을 술과 담배로 시작한다. 그는 점식식사때까지 2시나 2시 15분까지 일하곤 어쩔땐 점심 후 돌아가 일하기도 안하기도 한다. 오후에 이뤄진 어떤일도 보너스로 생각했다. 술집이 열리는 6시면 그는 술로 무장하고 8시 반까지 다시 작업한다.
  • - Winston Churchill. While Churchill’s routine may not be for everyone, it seemed to revolve around lots of food and drink. He would rise at 7:30 and stay in bed until 11:00 where he would eat breakfast, read several newspapers, and dictate to his secretaries. When he finally got out of bed, he would bathe, take a walk outside, then settle in to work with a weak whisky and soda. Lunch began at 1:00 and lasted until 3:30, after which he would work or play cards or backgammon with his wife. At 5:00 he napped for an hour and a half, then bathed again and got ready for dinner. Dinner was considered the highlight of his day, with much socializing, drinking, and smoking that sometimes went past midnight. After his guests left, he would then work for another hour or so before heading to bed.
  • - Aldous Huxley. This famous thinker and writer would start early each day sharing a breakfast with his wife. He would work uninterrupted until lunchtime. After lunch, he and his wife would go for a drive or a walk, then he would return to work again from 5:00 to 7:00, then have dinner. After dinner, his wife would read to him until almost midnight. Due to an eye illness early in life that left Huxley with very poor eyesight, he relied heavily on his wife to do many activities for him besides reading. She often typed his manuscripts and was even reported to have cut his steak for him at dinner.
  • - James Thurber. Another writer with difficulties seeing, Thurber would often compose his work in his head at almost anyplace he found himself. His wife would recognize the look in his eyes and interrupt him mid-paragraph while they were socializing at a party, and his daughter saw him retreat into his private world over dinner. His method later in life was to spend all morning composing his text in his head, then between 2:00 and 5:00 he would dictate about 2,000 words to his secretary.
  • - Gunter Grass. This German writer starts his day at 9:00 or 10:00 with a long breakfast that includes reading and music. Afterwards, he begins working, taking only a break for coffee in the afternoon, and finishes at 7:00 in the evening. He claims that he needs daylight to work effectively. When he writes at night, the work comes easily, but upon reading it in the morning, appears to be of lesser quality.
  • - John Grisham. When Grisham first began writing, he still had his day job as a lawyer. In order to do both, he stuck to a ritual of waking at 5:00 and shower, then head off to his office, just five minutes from home. He had to be sitting at his desk with a cup of coffee and a yellow legal pad by 5:30. He gave himself a goal of writing one page per day. Sometimes this page went as quickly as ten minutes while other days required one or two hours. After finishing his daily page of writing, Grisham would then turn his attention to his day job.
  • - 존 그리샴. 그리샴이 처음 글을 쓰기 시작했을 때, 그는 아직 변호사로 일하고 있었다. 두 가지를 다 하기 위해서 그는 5시에 일어나 샤워를 하고 5분 거리에 있는 사무실로 출근했다. 5시 반까지 커피 한 잔과 노란 공책을 들고 책상에 앉았다. 그는 하루에 한 장씩 쓰겠다는 목표를 설정했는데, 어떤 날은 10분 만에 써내기도 했지만 한 시간, 혹은 두 시간이 걸릴 때도 있었다. 매일 목표한 글쓰기를 마친 후에야 비로소 그리샴은 자신의 본업에 집중했다.
  • - Gerhard Richter. Famous German artist, Gerhard Richter, sticks to the same basic routine he has for years. He wakes at 6:15 and makes breakfast for his family, then takes his daughter to school. By 8:00 he is in his studio, where he stays until lunch at 1:00. After lunch, he returns to this studio until the evening. He claims that his days are not usually filled with painting, but with the planning of his pieces. He puts off the actual painting until he has created a kind of crisis for himself, then pours himself into it.
  • - Simone de Beauvoir. French writer and lifelong companion to Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir reported that she got bored if she didn’t work and tried to work every day except the few months she would take off to travel. While writing, she woke with tea, then began her work around 10:00. She would work until 1:00, then have lunch and socialize with friends. At 5:00, she would resume working, usually at Sartre’s apartment, until she would stop for the day at 9:00.
  • - Jean-Paul Sartre. In a letter Sartre wrote to de Beauvoir some thirty years before her recounting of her daily working routine, Sartre describes his days, which is noticeably similar to the pattern later described by de Beauvoir. Sartre writes about waking early and having coffee in a cafe, then reading, teaching classes and private lessons, then lunch. After lunch, he would do more reading and letter writing.
  • - Jacques Barzun. This French-born American historian and cultural critic celebrated his 100th birthday just two years ago and still enjoys a life of routine and work. He starts his day at 6:00 with coffee and the local newspaper, followed by 45 minutes of exercise, then a morning of work in his study. He spends his afternoon reading. Cocktails are at 6:30, followed by a light dinner. Barzun’s evening is spent reading the New York Times, no TV, and bed by 9:30.
  • - Ernest Hemingway. Hemingway described his writing ritual as starting just as the sun began rising, then working straight through until whatever he had to say was said. He likens completing his morning of writing to making love to someone you love–being both empty and fulfilled at the same time. Upon completing that morning’s work, he would wait until the next morning to begin again, going over his ideas in his head and holding on to the anticipation of starting again the next day.

euniya • Jun 20th, 2012

허걱. 다들 직장인들보다 스케쥴이 엄격하네요. 굉장히 의외에요.
  • umteeh • Jun 20th, 2012

    예전에 하루키씨 책에서 보니(What I Talk About When I Talk About Running 이었던것으로 추정) 창작활동은 단거리 경주가 아니라 마라톤이라 자기 관리가 가장 중요 하다더군요. 그런가하면, 주색에 빠져 방탕한 생활을 했던 예술가들도 많았으니, 정답은 없는듯 해요.